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Reference List: Basic Rules
Your reference list should appear at the end of your paper. It provides the information necessary for a reader to locate and retrieve any source you cite in the body of the paper. Each source you cite in the paper must appear in your reference list; likewise, each entry in the reference list must be cited in your text.
Your references should begin on a new page separate from the text of the essay; label this page "References" centered at the top of the page (do NOT bold, underline, or use quotation marks for the title). All text should be double-spaced just like the rest of your essay.
Information courtesy of:
Purdue University. (2015). Reference list: Basic rules. Retrieved from Purdue Online Writing Lab website:
These OWL resources will help you learn how to use the American Psychological Association (APA) citation and format style. This section contains resources on in-text citation and the References page, as well as APA sample papers, slide presentations, and the APA classroom poster.
Website based on the book Research and Documentation in the Electronic Age, Fifth Edition, by Diana Hacker and Barbara Fister. For APA use the Social Sciences tab. Includes sample APA papers. Also a great source for MLA and Chicago styles.
On this site, you will find tutorials, FAQs, and other resources to help you improve your writing, master APA Style, and learn the conventions of scholarly publishing.
Read what writing experts say each week about all aspects of writing and style—from publication ethics to precision in reporting research to reference style and the clear expression of ideas. Join the discussion!
On this site, you will find a color-coded breakdown of various APA citations.
North Meridian Campus
Advanced information-evaluation support that covers a broad range of source types
These documents have step-by-step instructions for how to format different portions of your paper.