Folklore and Mythology
Folklore and Mythology
- The Little Red Riding Hood Project (U. of Southern Mississippi)http://www.usm.edu/media/english/fairytales/lrrh/lrrhhome.htm
- Jack and the Beanstalk/Jack the Giant Killer Project (U. of Southern Mississippi)
- The Cinderella Project (U. of Southern Mississippi)
- Aesop's Fables (Traditional and Modern)
- Aesop's Fables Online
- Greek Myths for Kids
- Cinderella Stories: Versions of the popular tale
- Sumerian Mythology
- Mother Goose and Rhymes Links
- SurLaLune Fairy Tale Pages
- The Complete Tales of the Brothers Grimm
- Appalachian Folktales in Children's Literature and Collections (Tina L. Hanlon)
- Mything Links: Creation Myths and Sacred Narratives of Creation
- Folklore, Myth, and Legend (the original versions of Aesop's fables, various myths, and more!)
- "Fakelore, Multiculturalism, and The Ethics of Children's Literature" by Eliot A. Singer (essay)
- Fractured Fairy Tales
- Gustave Dore art collections (includes folktale illustrations)
A tall tale is a special kind of hero story because the heroes of tall tales are 'larger than life'. An exaggerated, unreliable story: “My uncle claims that he was raised in a drainage ditch, but it's just another of his tall tales.” Examples: Paul Bunyan, Pecos Bill and many others located in the children's section of the library, PZ8.1
How are Fairy Tales different from Folk Tales?
Fairy tales are a subgenre of folk tales and almost always involve some element of magic and good triumphing over evil. A good rule of thumb: if there's a fairy in the story, it's a fairy tale.
- Modern Fantasy
- Modern fantasy is rooted in traditional literature, but has an identifiable author. Modern fantasy also includes modern fairy tales like those from Hans Christian Andersen. In general, modern fantasy stories involve magic, the "quest," and/or "good versus evil." Fantasy creates an alternative universe, which operates on laws different than our own. Sub-genres of fantasy include animal fantasy, quest fantasy, machine fantasy, toy and doll fantasy, time fantasy, comic fantasy, high fantasy, and other world fantasy. High fantasy are complex stories characterized by recurring themes and often take place in created or imaginary worlds.
Modern Fantasy http://kotekchildrensliterature.blogspot.com/p/modern-fantasy.htmlModern fantasy is a genre of literature that is closely related to traditional literature. The biggest difference is the fact that the books that fall into this genre are not originally told orally. This works are written down by known authors who can be identified, unlike traditional literature where the original author is unknown. While this is the biggest difference, readers of this genre will notice that there are still many similarities between the two. For example, much like traditional literature, modern fantasy sometimes uses talking animals as characters. In addition to this, readers will still encounter magical realms or spells and mythological figures, like gods and goddesses. In essence, modern fantasy borrows from the tales of old, sometimes uses ancient mythologies and folktales to create a new and original tale that may be set in the present or in the past, depending upon the preferences of the author.
Aside from magic, mystical realms, and monsters, this genre is also most remembered because of its "mythological" structures and the monomyth of the hero's journey. As Joseph Campbell pointed out in his Hero with a Thousand Faces, there are often specific archetypes (or symbols/motifs) that arise in this type of literature. In addition to this, the hero in these works of fiction are often called to experience some form of quest where he/she needs to not only reach a goal (or boon), but also develops and learns about him/herself as a character.The final point to be made about modern fantasy is the role that science fiction plays in the genre. Science fiction is often grouped with fantasy even though it explores scientific concepts in our world versus magical concepts in an imaginary world. To be clear, however, the big difference between the two is that science fiction explores scientific concepts that are in our real or pseudo-scientific based on the technology we have in the world today. It then attempts to illustrate for readers the potential (or potential horrors) of that technology based on the different ways it might be used.
- Authors to explore: Lloyd Alexander, Marion Zimmer Bradley, Orson Scott Card, Lewis Carroll, John Christopher, Susan Cooper, Roald Dahl, Peter Dickinson, Cornelia Funke, Alan Garner, Ursula Le Guin, Monica Hughes, Madeleine L'Engle, C.S. Lewis, Margaret Mahy, Anne McCaffrey, Robin McKinley, Kenneth Oppel, Tamora Pierce, Philip Pullman, J.K. Rowling, Jon Scieszka, Richard Scrimger, William Sleator, Cora Taylor, J.R.R. Tolken
- Titles to explore: "Tuck Everlasting" by Natalie Babbitt, "Charlotte's Web" by E.B. White, "The Velveteen Rabbit" by Margery Williams, "Winnie the Pooh" by A.A. Milne, "The Giver" by Lois Lowry, "Ella Enchanted" by Gail Carson Levine
- Library Catalogue subject headings: fantasy, magic fiction, science fiction
- Recommended reading lists:
- Fractured Fairy Tales,
- Wands and Worlds : Fantasy and Science Fiction for Children and Teens
- Science Fiction and Fantasy for Children : An Annotated Bibliography for Educators
- from http://www.uleth.ca/edu/currlab/handouts/genres.html